Space & Cyberspace
I continually heard there are not any good space models. With the implementation of the SARP, and the quality of the products it contains, I am able to refute the claims. The SARP is an excellent source to direct testers and analysts to use to find information and points of contact.- AFOTEC Official, 2011
DSoft Technology's clients in the defense industry are as diverse as those in our commercial sector. We have provided support to a variety of projects including Military Operations Center IT support, website development, Modeling & Simulation, and software and systems engineering projects. We are intimately involved with the Astrodynamic Standards and integration of World Wind, which allows users to zoom from satellite altitude into any place on Earth, leveraging high resolution LandSat imagery and Shuttle Radar Topography Mission elevation data. We also work intimately with the NORAD Two Line Element sets (TLE), providing orbital data for satellites -- Click here to access Celestrak's TLE.
Working with DSoft Technology, our clients leverage processes and technologies to minimize the cost and time to maintain and enhance M&S products as well as minimize the cost of ownership and deployment. Achieving these objectives minimize the logistics associated with training, requirement generation, and exercise/event support. The broad scope of our work includes maintenance and enhancements, event/exercise/distributed operation support, and system engineering and integration.
Breakup Analysis Model
The Breakup Analysis Model (BAM) tool is a software application created by the Air Force Space Command (AFSPC) to model the effects of satellite collisions and breakups. DSoft has created a functionally-equivalent version of the AFSPC BAM tool that is cross platform in order to provide this functionality to analysts running Linux workstations. DSoft's version of the BAM tool uses the Standardized Astrodynamic Algorithms for the core computations and uses the open source Mono framework to create a cross-platform application with a rich graphical user interface (GUI) and the capability to display both tabular and graphical charts of the calculation output. DSoft's BAM tool is developed on Windows using Microsoft Visual Studio, C#, the .NET framework, and the open-source project ZedGraph. The resulting code can then be built into a stand-alone Linux application using the Mono tools. This development approach leveraged existing code resources to minimize development time and provided the space system analysts with the tools they needed to enhance their operational capability.
Technologies Used: Visual Studio, .NET Framework, WinForms, C#, LINQ, Fortran, Linux, Mono Framework, ZedGraph, .NET WinForms Docking Library, Standardized Astrodynamic Algorithms Library
Space M&S Enhancements
DSoft Technology facilitates the enhancement of a variety of space models and tools. DSoft Technology provides full life-cycle software development, including system requirement analysis, design, development, documentation, and deployment of the Space Analysis Resource Portal, OPMAP, OPSIFT, SATRAK and SAINT.
Program Management Tools: SharePoint, Microsoft Project, Agile (Scrum)
GPSOC IT Support
DSoft Technology provides IT and software development support to the GPS Operations Center (GPSOC). The GPSOC provides a single center of excellence for user support and GPS constellation operations. DSoft Technology provides all aspects of GPSOC IT support and system maintenance for mission critical operations by performing data management, distributed to authorized users and integration with other systems. Our properly architected and maintained IT systems provide significant automation to the GPSOC for daily operations and products, saving time and manpower while improving capacity and quality of service to customers worldwide. Support consists of:
- Configuration control and management of APDE equipment and databases.
- Enhancements, maintenance, general system/network administration, modernization and Verification and Validation (V&V) of GPS Information System (GPSIS) software suite and GPS Information Network (GIN) which includes multiple servers, web-enabled SQL Server databases and associated hardware and support architecture. All critical GIN components have hot backups with failover.
- Development of customized SharePoint site to support crew log activities.
- GPSOC website design, development, V&V and maintenance for three websites (one site on NIPRNet and two on SIPRNet).
- Integration of the GPSIS software with Architecture Evolution Plan (AEP).
- IT planning, IT design, testing and validation, component installation, component diagnostics/troubleshooting, enterprise network management, hardware and software handling/accountability, procurement, technical refresh, network administration, systems administration, storage administration, enterprise network and security operations.
- Information assurance/computer network defense, user training, and web applications. Information assurance services such as anti-virus installation, network monitoring and growth management.
- SCIF development and accreditation while maintaining the mission hardware and connectivity configuration management system.
- 24/7 Operational support for mission-critical GPS help desk for armed all armed forces.
Technologies Used: Visual Studio, SQL Server, C#, VB,
ASP.Net, .Net Framework, ClearCase, ClearQuest, SharePoint, Windows
Server, Cisco IOS
A growing USAF mission is to achieve cyberspace superiority. Part of that requirement includes inventorying, cataloging, understanding, and communicating the capabilities of current cyberspace Modeling and Simulation (M&S) tools and capabilities to perform Command-specific analysis of cyberspace operations, network attack courses of action and network defense capabilities. DSoft Technology is responsible for researching and assessing a variety of M&S campaign, mission, engagement and engineering tools to include STORM, SEAS, NRAT, C-REA, a-MIND, CES, JCSS, TreasureMap, etc., for applicability in evaluating current and future AFSPC cyberspace missions, focusing on tools that can provide warfighter impacts to cyberspace attacks. DSoft Technology is using design of experiment (DoE) techniques as an efficient and low-cost approach to understanding which cyberspace model input factors impact the overall warfighter mission and which are less important and can be ignored. Mapping the network/infrastructure effects of cyber attacks both for defensive and offensive operations to information services and then ultimately to the specific missions is required to determine the "so what". DSoft is supporting cyberspace analysis of the Knowledge Operations Analysis of Alternatives evaluating the defensive posture of those solutions for a variety of cyberspace threats. Additionally, DSoft Technology is conducting military utility analysis of a variety of techniques and technologies to affect computer information systems through Deceive, Deny, Disrupt, Degrade, Destroy (D5) effects against Integrated Air Defense Systems (IADS) using some of the evaluated tools. Both analyses focus on the impact to the warfighter.
Technologies Used: Modeling and Simulation Tools, Design of Experiments, Analyses, Verification, Validation and Accreditation
SATRAK (v7) is the replacement for SATRAK (v6), a legacy DOS application. SATRAK generates ground site look angles and ground traces of earth orbiting satellites. The new version provides a modern and interactive graphical user interface (GUI) suited for current Windows operating systems. SATRAK (v7) was created using the Space Analysis INtegration Toolkit (SAINT), to demonstrate the complexity of tools that can be built and deployed with SAINT. The new version allows analysts to exercise various Astrodynamic Standards (SGP4 -Satellite General Perturbations 4, LAMOD - Look Angle Module, SimOrb - Orbit simulation, Decay - Satellite decay & lifetime using King-Hele, BLUE - Bob's Launch Update Ensemble, Sensor Coverage) and view the results on a 2D map, 3D globe, as plain text and/or as tabular data. The tabular data provides advanced sorting, filtering, and grouping capabilities as well as rules-based conditional formatting. An XY plotting tool was also integrated into SATRAK to evaluate changes to a particular satellite's orbit or to perform statistical analysis on the satellite catalogue using Two Line Element (TLE) data. SATRAK is available on the Air Force Enterprise Product List (EPL).
Technologies used: .Net(C#), WinForms, SAINT, OpenTk (OpenGL), Telerik (UI Controls)
The Space Analysis INtegration Toolkit (SAINT) is a toolkit and framework that allows a user to create a new application by combining SAINT components, assemblies, and applications. A key element of the framework is the inclusion of all algorithms in the Air Force Space Command (AFSPC), Standardized Astrodynamic Algorithms Library (SAAL) (AOF - Area of Overflight, BAM - Breakup Analysis Model, BatchDC - Batch Differential Correction, Coco - Computation of Coplanar Orbits, ElComp - Element Comparison, FOV - Field of View, LAMOD - Look Angle Generation Module, ObsOps - Observation Operations, ROTAS - Report Observation, Saas - Satellite Attack Assessment Software, SGP4 Propagator - Satellite General Perturbations 4, SP Propagator - Special Perturbations (SP), and other non-SAAL algorithms developed by AFSPC/A9 (SimOrb - Orbit simulation, Decay - Satellite decay & lifetime using King-Hele, and BLUE - Bob's Launch Update Ensemble).
Technologies used: .Net (C#), MVC, WinForms, XML, OpenGL
AFSPC Space/CyberSpace Analysis Resource Portal (SARP)
The AFSPC Space Analysis division desired a net-centric web portal that would allow the Joint modeling and simulation communities the ability to record and share information about space and cyberspace models and simulations, provide access to an electronic library of studies and analysis associated with those models and simulations and to record and share authoritative information and data about space systems to include satellites, launch vehicles, missiles, space sites and space-related environmental information. The portal also includes a forum to assist collaboration within the national space community allowing users to exchange information about models/simulations and studies/analysis and to share practical experience gained from using those models/simulations. Other portal features include an events calendar, announcements/news page, file upload/download capabilities for the distribution of space specific software and/or data files, the ability to specify and mass email groups of users, the ability to create and update CCB items through custom dashboards, and the means to perform portal/user administration on-line.
SARP is deployed on the Unclassified but Sensitive Internet Protocol (IP) Router Network (NIPRNet), Secret Internet Protocol Router Network (SIPRNet).
Air Force Resources to Share (ARTS) LIST
DSoft Technology designed and developed ARTS List which provides a web interface for units to post available items and allow users to "purchase" items. Items posted to the site are assigned a cost. Cost avoidance is based on the value of the items exchanged.
Requirements Assessment & Compliance Tool (ReACT)
A tool for managing the detailed assessment of requirements (criticality, complexity, level of service, impact of not accomplishing) plus other factors was needed that would address the weakness of the current data collection methodology. An online tool developed by DSoft Technology called ReACT is currently under development to capture, store and report on the requirements assessment process in a database. The tool allows for each requirement documented in AF/AFSPC instructions, checklists, policy documents, pamphlets, manuals, etc. to be assessed by AFSPC Functional Managers and then reviewed by Wings to identify requirements that can be modified and or eliminated.
DSoft Technology provides support to AFSPC for the development test/operational test (DT/OT) process of the Joint Space Operations Center (JSpOC) Mission System (JMS). JMS provides space situational awareness and command and control of space forces, and is an upgrade to existing legacy systems. DSoft supports the JMS DT/OT effort through consultation on data collection and comparison between JMS and legacy systems. DSoft is also participating in an ongoing analysis of the legacy system Astrodynamic Support Workstation (ASW) and its capabilities in comparison to the AFSPC Standardized Astrodynamic Algorithms Library (SAAL), and is working with AFSPC to upgrade SAAL to match ASW functionality in many areas.
Technologies Used: .Net (C#), Visual Studio, Fortran, Python
Threat Vulnerability Timeline (TVT)
Threat Vulnerability Timeline (TVT) is a software tool for modeling and simulating asset-threat-mitigation architectures, and produces graphical and tabular model-simulation results for analysis. TVT is a Decision Analysis Tool incorporating numerous factors in the decision space such as orbits, architecture nodes, mitigations, deterrence, conflict spectrum, and event epoch. The goal of TVT is to provide space community leadership relative comparisons of architectural options as well as sensitivity analysis quantifying the robustness of recommendations. TVT is continuing to be maintained and updated to provide increasingly valuable information to the space community leadership.
Technologies used: NetBeans, Java, Subversion (SVN), Junit, Mockito, Astrodynamic Standards DLLS, Microsoft® Visual Studio 2015, C#, Excel, SAINT
Simulation in Python with Space Entities (SPySE)
SPySE (Simulation in Python with Space Entities) is a Python-based Modeling and Simulation (M&S) tool. The current M&S and analytical decision-support tools lack the flexibility to integrate astrodynamics engagement models inside of a scenario. This effort will use a combination of astrodynamics functions and 3D display capabilities developed in Python / OpenGL along with agent-based modeling and game theory concepts to help answer the 'what if' and adversary response questions currently proposed by senior leaders. This work will complement the current efforts using Finite State Machine (FSM) agent-based modeling and simulation by providing an open source framework that can be used by any government entities in a Python Environment. SPySE will provide a simulation engine for the Modeling and Simulation Analysis Framework (MSAF). SPySE will be interoperable with the current capabilities of System Effectiveness Analysis Simulation (SEAS), Advance Framework for Simulation, Integration and Modeling (AFSIM), Threat Modeling & Analysis Program (TMAP) models and other models currently used by the Air Force. In addition to an interactive scenario mode, a batch mode supporting Monte-Carlo type parameters is available that can run multiple scenarios at once on a local / remote computing cluster using a distributed tasking framework.
Technologies used: Python, OpenGL, dask-distributed, pyQT5
SENSOR Messaging Test Suite (SMTS)
DSoft Technology supporting HARRIS Corporation has designed, developed and tested a SENSOR Messaging Test Suite (SMTS) using Java to support the 'ISTE' (Integrated SENSOR Test Environment) and 'SSA Ops Demo' projects and provides general Subject Matter Expertise (SME) related to use of the SMTS, Protogate Freeways, and the serial Advanced Data Communications Control Protocol (ADCCP) messaging domains for the Eglin and GEODSS systems. Communications networks will provide ADCCP protocols between the Distributed Space Command and Control - Dalhgren (DSC2-D) and the Eglin and GEODSS SPAs. The SMTS development task was initiated to design, develop, and produce a message injection test suite for use with and between mature, legacy radar and electro-optical (EO) sensor systems, as well as development, testing and implementation of experimental messages. The SMTS includes message editors (MEs) which provide the capability to generate formatted messages adhering to ADCCP specifications, as well as new, proposed alternative messages. The MEs provide common user tools to create and edit message content, and to manage message files used in the SMTS. The radar and EO sensor systems are being modified on a prototype demonstration basis to support a specific set of emerging technology capabilities.
Technologies: Java, Eclipse IDE, SVN, Protogate Freeway, SSH, DOORS and serial communication.
GPS Operational Performance Mapping Availability Program (OPMAP)
The GPS Operational Performance Mapping Availability Program was built to support a new AFSPC initiative to develop a software tool that produces global or regional color maps displaying various space system performance metrics. The geographic maps generated by OPMAP include coast line data. The user can identify the location and geographic distribution of various features in the space system performance metrics based on the data. The tool generates maps for any year and month. The typical metric to be displayed is the rate at which a given service threshold is met. Initially, this tool is intended to handle the four (4) major space force enhancement missions: Satellite Communications, Position, Navigation, and Timing (PNT), Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance, and Environmental Monitoring.
Technologies used: Visual Studio, C#, Windows Forms, .NET Framework
GPS Operational Profile for the Survival of Individual Functional Tasks (OPSIFT)
The Operational Profile for the Survival of Individual Functional Tasks (OPSIFT) program is a system for predicting Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite availability over a specific time period. The system is used primarily to support constellation replenishment planning decisions. The primary output of OPSIFT is a series of availability graphs based on the GPS missions the constellation can support.
Late-model GPS satellites are capable of performing not only Position, Navigation, and Timing missions, but also four additional missions related to various new radio signal types as follows:
- L1C - New civilian signal available on Block III and later GPS satellites
- L2C - New civilian signal available on Block IIR-M and later GPS satellites
- L5 - New Safety-of-Life signal available on Block IIF and later GPS satellites
- M-Code - New military signal available on Block IIR-M and later GPS satellites
These additional missions need to be managed to effectively predict life expectancy of a given satellite. OPSIFT provides a framework to make predictions in terms of individual mission capabilities both at the constellation and individual satellite levels. Mission availability results for individual satellites are produced and may be used as the basis for inputs to other programs requiring operational mission availability assessments.
Technologies used: Visual Studio, C#, Windows Forms, .NET Framework
Cost Schedule Performance Tool
The Cost Schedule Performance (CSP) Application was developed as a display tool to assist senior leaders in making space system portfolio decisions and support the Department of Defense (DoD) Program Objective Memorandum (POM) process. Specifically, the CSP Application was designed to view the overall Air Force Space Command (AFSPC) Total Obligation Authority (TOA) while also visualizing how the TOA is broken out among military systems of interest while displaying performance and launch information.
Technologies used: Visual Studio, C#, SQLite, Subversion, Spring Framework with Hibernate, StyleCop, FxCop, .NET Framework
OSCARS is a satellite constellation management and analysis tool. OSCARS models and evaluates satellite subcomponent life, launch schedules, constellation health, and satellite planes. It uses Monte Carlo approach to model satellite and subcomponent failure dates using reliability functions.
Space Battle Manager Reengineering
Provided business process and database analysis of existing Space Battle Manager database for the reengineering effort.
LISN is a space vehicle, spacecraft and launch scheduling database and associated user interfaces. It provides web-based interfaces for Space Wings to report daily launch schedule and status of US military, commercial and civil launches as well as 13-year launch forecasts for the Nation. The Quarterback Database, now a national asset, contains all planned and historical space launches, associated booster and combatant command satellite life expectancy data.
JWID 2004 Support
As a consultant to Northrop Grumman Information Technology, DSoft Technology performed a detailed functionality assessment of the Area Security Operations Command and Control (ASOCC) tool suite. Using a peer-to-peer network architecture, ASOCC provides homeland security event and alert management, situational awareness through a mapping and graphical information system, and collaborative communication capability. DSoft Technology also performed system operator duties for the JWID04 exercise.
GPS Analysis Tool
DSoft Technology built the GPS Analysis Tool to help forecast median GPS Position Dilution of Precision as a function of the number of satellites on orbit based on a statistical analysis of median coverage. The GPS Analysis Tool interfaces with OSCARS 2000.
National Mission Model Studies and Analysis
The assignment included developing long term launch date forecasts for GPS and SBIRS military satellite systems to include using computerized forecasting tools, published acquisition schedules and launch base capacities to determine required on-orbit replenishment schedules.
Astrodynamic Standard Software Support
In support of AFSPC/XPY, DSoft Technology is providing software expertise and services for the AFSPC Astrodynamic Standard Software. AFSPC developed Astrodynamic Standard Software to emulate the operational astrodynamic algorithms used by the Space Control Center (SCC) in the Cheyenne Mountain Operations Center. This was done to help ensure interoperability, reduce future software development and sustainment costs, and provide the ability to more easily upgrade the SCC algorithms. DSoft Technology is responsible for software support and configuration management of these standards.
Astrodynamic Standards Development, Test and Support
Astrodynamic Standards Development, Test and Support
DSoft Technologies has played an integral role in several parts of the Air Force Space Command Standardized Astrodynamic Algorithms (SAA) program.
DSoft provides support to AFSPC in improving aspects of SAA source code, ranging from minor bug fixes to incorporating entirely new functionalities. DSoft created and maintains a Sharepoint site containing a list of open issues with the source code, including those reported by users and those identified by DSoft during development. The site serves as a collaborative portal that can be accessed both by developers at DSoft and at AFPSC. Items on this list are prioritized according to severity of the issue, which streamlines the development process by providing focus as to which items must be resolved before a given release can be delivered. With guidance as needed from AFSPC and other SMEs, DSoft updates the source code to resolve open issues and conducts tests to verify success before marking the item as closed and ready to be included in the newest SAA version.
Technologies Used: Fortran, Visual Studio, C#, Sharepoint
SAA Unit Testing
DSoft Technology provides support to AFSPC in conducting unit testing, V&V testing and documentation for the release of new SAA versions. DSoft utilizes Microsoft Visual Studios built-in unit testing framework to test the SAA DLLs and associated language wrappers. The creation of unit tests for each SAA DLL was assigned to subject matter experts (SMEs). DSoft worked with these SMEs, often in pair-programming situations, providing the SMEs with assistance in unit testing strategies, framework expertise and Python syntax. This collaboration allowed the SMEs to create quality unit tests without being burdened by programming and framework issues that are not related to their core mission. The resulting unit tests have already identified some long-standing issues with the SAA code and will provide a lasting benefit to the SAA program by allowing the unit tests to quickly identify many types of issues before the more labor intensive verification and validation (V&V) tests are run.
Technologies Used: .Net (C#), Visual Studio
DSoft Technologies revised and updated the documentation provided to users as part of the SAA distribution. In previous versions, the documentation for each SAA module was split into two parts. The API documentation was provided as compiled help files (CHM) which were generated automatically from the SAA source code. Microsoft Word documents (DOC) were also provided which included explanatory information, use cases, and data format descriptions. The DOC files also included duplicate API documentation with added examples and remarks.
DSoft Technologies revised the documentation structure to consolidate all the documentation in the CHM files. The API remarks and examples from the DOC files were moved into specially-formatted comments in the SAA source code so they could be extracted as part of generating the CHM version of the API documentation. This eliminated the need for the redundant DOC API documentation, eliminated the possibility that the two versions of API documentation would differ, and put the remarks and examples in the source code where they will be most easily maintained by the programmers as changes are made. The additional content provided in the DOC files was converted to GhostDoc custom content pages and included in the CHM files. This effort puts the documentation in a format more easily maintained by AFSPC and provides SAA users with a single source of documentation for each module.
Technologies Used: Fortran, Visual Studio, C#, .Net Framework, GhostDoc
SAA V&V Testing
DSoft Technology built a custom Automated Testing Framework (ATF) to perform verification and validation (V&V) testing of SAA DLLs. The ATF is built using the Space Analysis Integration Toolkit (SAINT) to run input files and compare the resulting output files against baseline output files. The comparison is done by utilizing VERDICT which is an AFSPC developed tool to compare files line by line. ATF is able to set up multiple test runs of the different SAA DLLs and run all these test cases concurrently and get instant pass/fail feedback. ATF can be run both as a console and GUI application. The console version is used in a continuous build process using TeamCity. The build process takes the latest SAA DLLs, generates C# wrappers, runs all unit tests, provides code coverage based on the unit tests, runs all V&V tests using ATF, generates documentation (CHM) and produces WIN & Linux (32 & 64 bit) packages for each SAA DLL.
Technologies Used: .Net (C#), SAINT, WinForms, TeamCity, Visual Studio, VERDICT
Standardized Astrodynamic Algorithms Library Continuous Integration Process
DSoft Technology created and maintains a continuous integration (CI) process to automate building, testing, creating documentation, and packaging the Standardized Astrodynamic Algorithms Library (SAAL). The CI process includes building the SAAL dynamic link libraries (DLLs) on four platforms (Windows and Linux, 32- and 64-bit), running comprehensive unit tests, running V&V tests, creating up-to-date documentation from source code and auxiliary content, and creating packages for 15 different modules that properly include all dependencies, test code, documentation, and related files. The SAAL CI process has improved the efficiency and quality of the SAAL program by providing reliable on-demand package creation with all assets tested and configured consistently.
Technologies Used: .Net (C#), Visual Studio, TeamCity
DSoft Technologies created the Public Astrodynamic Algorithm Distribution Site (PADS) website as a means of providing SAA information and access to the request process to a wider audience at a lower cost. DSoft had previously created and maintains the Space/Cyberspace Analysis Resource Portal (SARP) website which automates the SAA request process. However, access to that site is only available on the Air Force (AF) Non-Secure Internet Protocol Router Network (NIPRNet). Users without access to NIPRNet using a Common Access Card (CAC) have submitted requests via email and SARP administrators manually enter those requests into SARP - a process that was error-prone and time-consuming, resulting in delayed delivery of software to the end customer. The PADS website was designed to alleviate this issue by providing a publically-accessible website that includes the complete SAA request wizard process and an automated method for importing these requests into SARP.
Users complete a multi-step wizard designed to collect all the information required for an SAA request, and the SARP website provides the administrators with tools to advance each request through the workflow process to approve, authorize and ultimately distribute requested software to users. The PADS site collects all the information required before the submission process starts and eliminates the manual entry of the request data in SARP. In order to protect the personally-identifiable information (PII) of requestors using PADS, the request data is encrypted with public-key encryption in a format that allows the SARP administrators to automatically decrypt and import the requests into SARP. The PADS website promises to make SAA requests originating from outside AF networks much easier on both the requestors and the SARP administrators, facilitating a wider distribution of SAA to interested users.
In addition to the SAA request wizard, the PADS site includes a frequently-asked questions (FAQ) section that provides a growing repository for information about the use of SAA modules. The FAQ is being created both with documentation and use cases created by SAA maintainers and with real questions submitted by SAA users. The FAQ provides SAA users with a convenient means of finding answers to questions about SAA implementations and removes the burden on AFSPC personnel to continually address the same issues raised by different users.
Technologies Used: Visual Studio, SQL Server, C#, ASP.Net, .Net Framework, Umbraco, XML, RSA public-key encryption, FedRamp Compliant AWS (GovCloud)
Modeling and Simulation Toolkit
DSoft Technology is providing modeling and simulation, investment strategy and software support planning for implementation of an AFSPC M&S toolkit. Our key staff and organizational experiences in planning and managing military and space M&S programs are providing an exemplary space M&S requirements baseline and complementary investment plan for AFSPC to manage the AFSPC M&S toolkit going forward.
SpaceWAR M&S Support
DSoft Technology provided Blue, Red and Gray space orders of battle, futures scenario development and evaluation of space scenarios for development of next generation of the Lightning simulation.
CRRA and S&T SETA Support
DSoft Technology assisted AFSPC/XPXP by providing support to the AFSPC/XP to develop, critique and organize the 4-Star Capabilities Review and Risk Assessment (CRRA) action items in while working with Air Staff and SMC to incorporate space capabilities into the full spectrum of combat capability. The result was a much stronger focus on space capabilities than what had been originally proposed by Air Staff. Additionally, DSoft Technology assisted AFSPC/A8XT in re-writing the AFSPCI61-101 to reflect customer needs for an S&T instruction re-organized into a handbook style and USAF corporate changes in technology transition.